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Why women live longer than men?

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Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live so much longer than men today and how has this advantage increased over time? We only have partial evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to draw a definitive conclusion. Although we know that there are biological, behavioral and environmental variables that all play a role in women living longer than males, we aren't sure what percentage each factor تحاميل مهبلية - simply click the up coming website page - plays in.

It is known that women live longer than men, regardless of weight. However this is not because of certain non-biological aspects have changed. What are the factors that are changing? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are others that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that every country is above the diagonal line of parity. This means that a newborn girl from every country could anticipate to live longer than her brothers.

Interestingly, this chart shows that, while the advantage for women is present everywhere, cross-country differences are large. In Russia women live 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan there is a difference of less that half a year.

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In wealthy countries, the advantage of women in longevity was not as great.
Let's examine how the female advantage in terms of longevity has changed over time. The following chart shows male and female life expectancies when they were born in the US during the time period between 1790 and 2014. Two aspects stand out.

1 day agoFirst, there's an upward trend. Both men as well as women in the US live a lot, much longer than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was extremely small It has significantly increased in the past.

You can verify that these are applicable to other countries with data by selecting the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.
asked 6 days ago by Madie78F849 (200 points)

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